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[MOEF] Current Economic Situation, June 2023
Written by : 관리자
Attached file : 2

Current Economic Situation, June 2023

 

Industrial, Services Production and Retail Sales Down, Facilities and Construction Investment Up

 

Industrial production, services production and retail sales decreased while facilities and construction investment increased in April 2023.

 

In April, the entire production (down 1.4%, m-o-m and down 0.8%, y-o-y) decreased as both industrial production (down 1.2%, m-o-m and down 8.9%, y-o-y) and services production (down 0.3%, m-o-m and up 3.1%, y-o-y) declined.

Retail sales (down 2.3%, m-o-m and down 1.1%, y-o-y) fell in April while facilities investment (up 0.9%, m-o-m and up 4.4%, y-o-y) and construction investment (up 1.2%, m-o-m and up 12.2%, y-o-y) moved up.

 

Exports declined 15.2 percent year-on-year in May due to sluggish exports of IT-related products including semiconductors, wireless communications and computers. Average daily exports decreased 9.3 percent from a year ago to US $2.43 billion in May 2023.

 

Meanwhile, sentiment indicators have seen improvements. The consumer sentiment index (CSI) grew by 2.9 points in May to 98.0 from the previous month. The business sentiment index (BSI) in May for the entire sector improved 4 point to 76 and the BSI outlook for June 2023 rose by 2 points to 76.

 

The cyclical indicator of the coincident composite index for April went up by 0.2 points, and the cyclical indicator of the leading composite index fell by 0.2 point.

 

Employment continued to increase but consumer prices grew at a slower pace in May 2023.

 

The economy added 351,000 jobs year-on-year in May with the unemployment rate down 0.3 percentage points from a year ago to 2.7 percent.

 

Consumer prices rose at a slower pace by 3.3 percent in May and the consumer price index excluding the food and energy sectors rose by 3.9% and the index excluding the agricultural and petroleum sectors grew by 4.3%.

 

Stock prices went up and the won strengthened in May 2023 due to better prospects for semiconductors and clearing of uncertainties related to the US debt ceiling. Korea treasury yields increased as expectations for an early shift in the monetary policy stance weakened.

 

In May 2023, housing prices (down 0.47%  down 0.22%, m-o-m) and prices of Jeonse (lump-sum deposits with no monthly payments) (down 0.63%  down 0.31%, m-o-m) declined at a slower pace than that of the previous month.

 

Amid an inflation continued to decrease in Korea, the economy has been slowing down mainly in exports and manufacturing. Meanwhile, downside risks appeared to be ease due to a moderate recovery of domestic demand, improved economic sentiment, and solid employment growth.

Internationally, the world’s economic uncertainties persisted driven by downside risks including the impacts of the prolonged Russia-Ukraine war and monetary tightening posed on the vulnerable sectors

alongside the expectations of China’s reopening and the global IT industry’s upturn.

 

The government will go all out to improve its economic structure and boost economic vitality, focusing on the promotion of export, investment and domestic demand in the second half of the year, on the back of the efforts to stabilize prices and people’s livelihoods and manage risks at home and abroad.

Key Statistics

Employment

 

2022

2023

Annual

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov  

Dec

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Number of employed (million)

28.09

27.75

28.08

28.49

28.48

28.47

28.41

28.39

28.42

28.42

27.81

27.36

27.71

28.22

28.43

28.84

Employment rate (%)

62.1

61.4

62.1

63.0

62.9

62.9

62.8

62.7

62.7

62.7

61.3

60.3

61.1

62.2

62.7

63.5

(Seasonally adjusted)

62.1

61.9

62.0

62.3

62.2

62.2

 62.3

62.2

62.2

62.1

62.0

62.0

62.6

62.7

62.6

62.8

 

Consumer Price Index

                                                                                         (%)

 

2022

2023

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Jan

Feb

Mar

  Apr

May

y-o-y

4.1

4.8

5.4

6.0

6.3

5.7

5.6

5.7

5.0

5.0

5.2

4.8

4.2

3.7

3.3

m-o-m

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.6

0.5

-0.1

0.3

0.3

-0.1

0.2

0.8

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.3

 

Retail Sales

(Percentage change from the previous period, %)

 

2020

2021

2022

2023

Annual

Annual

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Annual

Q1

Q2

Q3 Q4

Q1¹

Mar¹

Apr¹

Retail sales

-0.1

5.8

2.9

1.5

1.1

0.5

-0.3

-0.7

-1.0

0.3

-0.9

1.0

0.1

-2.3

(y-o-y)

-

-

6.3

5.0

5.4

6.6

-

2.6

-0.2

-0.9

-2.3

-0.4

-0.1

-1.1

1. Preliminary

Facility Investment Index

(Percentage change from the previous period, %)

 

2021

2022

2023

Annual

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Annual

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4¹

Q1¹

Feb

Mar¹

Apr¹

Facility investment index

9.6

6.3

1.4

-1.7

-0.4

3.3

0.4

-0.4

8.6

-0.2

-8.8

1.0

-2.4

0.9

(y-o-y)

-

12.4

13.2

6.2

6.2

-

-1.3

-2.4

7.5

9.6

-0.6